psy 200 su 09 quiz 2
1. What is the name of the
fatty substance that speeds up transmission of impulses and surrounds the axon
of a neuron?
2. A tiny gap that is found
between two or more neurons is called a(n)
3. According to Erik Erikson, which of the following is true concerning children
A. Children need to develop a sense of shame before they can understand autonomy.
B. Children who are exploring can never be given too much autonomy by their parents.
C. Children feel excessive shame and doubt if consistently overprotected or criticized..
D. Children develop autonomy first and learn to experience shame and doubt later in life.
B ?? (should have been C which I picked first!)
4. Which of the following
would Erik Erikson be MOST likely to recommend about
soothing a crying infant?
A. Do not soothe the baby, because he or she will be spoiled.
B. Pick up the baby and soothe him or her so that a healthy sense of trust develops.
C. Soothe the baby about every other time, so that he or she does not become dependent on external comforters.
D. Arrange the environment to meet all the baby's needs, so that he or she does not need to cry.
5. Janine impatiently grabs
the door handle from her toddler daughter, quickly opens the door, and hurries
the little girl through. Erik Erikson would say that
A. will develop a sense of shame and doubt if this type of interaction occurs consistently.
B. has already developed a sense of shame and doubt due to her mother's behavior in this instance.
C. will not develop shame and doubt if this type of interaction occurs consistently.
D. will develop a healthy sense of autonomy by resisting interactions like this.
6. Axon is to __________as
dendrite is to __________.
A. carrying signals to the cell body; carrying signals away from the cell body
B. myelination; lateralization
C. carrying signals away from the cell body; carrying signals to the cell body
D. lateralization; myelination
7. Miranda developed a basic
sense of mistrust during infancy. Her parents bickered a lot and separated, and
Miranda was often lost in the shuffle. According to Erik Erikson,
A. may learn to trust other important people later in her life, but they will need to demonstrate their trustworthiness.
B. will maintain a basic sense of mistrust for the rest of her life.
C. will likely develop a sense of trust with her mother but not with her father.
D. will not trust her parents but will trust most other people.
B (B I know this is RIGHT, I experienced it!) A is suppose to be right but not in the book!
8. A chemical contained at
the end of the axon which passes information on to another neuron is called
9. The cerebral cortex plays
a role in
C. all of these.
10. Which of the following
statements is TRUE?
A. The brain is (almost) completely developed at birth.
B. The brain is (almost) completely developed at birth for children who were born "on time." Extensive development continues after birth for children who were born prematurely.
C. Extensive brain development continues after birth.
D. Some brain development continues after birth.
11. Adjusting already
existing schemes to fit new information and experiences is called
12. Two-year-old Anita has
learned the word "dog" to identify the family pet Rover. Now Anita
says the word "dog" when she sees any animal. Anita has __________
these animals into her existing scheme.
13. Heather crawls from her
room into the hallway to look for her mother after she leaves. According to
Jean Piaget, this shows that she is capable of
A. infinite generativity.
B. symbolic manipulation.
C. object permanence.
D. telegraphic thinking.
14. A nerve cell in the
brain is also called a(n)
D. glial cell.
15. The part of the neuron
that carries signals toward the cell body is called a(n)