psy 200 su 09 quiz 2 Key
 

1. (p. 77) What is the name of the fatty substance that speeds up transmission of impulses and surrounds the axon of a neuron? 
A. synapse
B. insulation
C. myelin
D. neurotransmitter

 


200 t1... #40
Level: Knowledge
Santrock - Chapter 03
 

2. (p. 76) A tiny gap that is found between two or more neurons is called a(n) 
A. dendrite.
B. axon.
C. synapse.
D. neurotransmitter.

 


200 t1... #38
Level: Knowledge
Santrock - Chapter 03
 

3. (p. 123) According to Erik Erikson, which of the following is true concerning children and autonomy? 
A. Children need to develop a sense of shame before they can understand autonomy.
B. Children who are exploring can never be given too much autonomy by their parents.
C. Children feel excessive shame and doubt if consistently overprotected or criticized..
D. Children develop autonomy first and learn to experience shame and doubt later in life.

 


Level: Conceptual
Santrock - Chapter 04 #44
 

4. (p. 121) Which of the following would Erik Erikson be MOST likely to recommend about soothing a crying infant? 
A. Do not soothe the baby, because he or she will be spoiled.
B. Pick up the baby and soothe him or her so that a healthy sense of trust develops.
C. Soothe the baby about every other time, so that he or she does not become dependent on external comforters.
D. Arrange the environment to meet all the baby's needs, so that he or she does not need to cry.

 


200 t1... #44
Level: Conceptual
Santrock - Chapter 04
 

5. (p. 123) Janine impatiently grabs the door handle from her toddler daughter, quickly opens the door, and hurries the little girl through. Erik Erikson would say that Janine's daughter 
A. will develop a sense of shame and doubt if this type of interaction occurs consistently.
B. has already developed a sense of shame and doubt due to her mother's behavior in this instance.
C. will not develop shame and doubt if this type of interaction occurs consistently.
D. will develop a healthy sense of autonomy by resisting interactions like this.

 


Level: Applied
Santrock - Chapter 04 #43
 

6. (p. 77) Axon is to __________as dendrite is to __________. 
A. carrying signals to the cell body; carrying signals away from the cell body
B. myelination; lateralization
C. carrying signals away from the cell body; carrying signals to the cell body
D. lateralization; myelination

 


200 t1... #39
Level: Conceptual
Santrock - Chapter 03
 

7. (p. 121) Miranda developed a basic sense of mistrust during infancy. Her parents bickered a lot and separated, and Miranda was often lost in the shuffle. According to Erik Erikson, Miranda 
A. may learn to trust other important people later in her life, but they will need to demonstrate their trustworthiness.
B. will maintain a basic sense of mistrust for the rest of her life.
C. will likely develop a sense of trust with her mother but not with her father.
D. will not trust her parents but will trust most other people.

 


200 t1... #45
Level: Applied
Santrock - Chapter 04
 

8. (p. 76) A chemical contained at the end of the axon which passes information on to another neuron is called a(n): 
A. synapse.
B. dendrite.
C. neurotransmitter.
D. axon.

 


200 t1... #37
Level: Knowledge
Santrock - Chapter 03
 

9. (p. 76) The cerebral cortex plays a role in 
A. language.
B. perception.
C. all of these.
D. thought.

 


200 t1... #35
Level: Conceptual
Santrock - Chapter 03
 

10. (p. 76) Which of the following statements is TRUE? 
A. The brain is (almost) completely developed at birth.
B. The brain is (almost) completely developed at birth for children who were born "on time." Extensive development continues after birth for children who were born prematurely.
C. Extensive brain development continues after birth.
D. Some brain development continues after birth.

 


200 t1... #34
Level: Knowledge
Santrock - Chapter 03
 

11. (p. 95) Adjusting already existing schemes to fit new information and experiences is called 
A. adaptation.
B. application.
C. assimilation.
D. accommodation.

 


200 t1... #41
Level: Knowledge
Santrock - Chapter 03
 

12. (p. 95) Two-year-old Anita has learned the word "dog" to identify the family pet Rover. Now Anita says the word "dog" when she sees any animal. Anita has __________ these animals into her existing scheme. 
A. applied
B. assimilated
C. adapted
D. accommodated

 


200 t1... #42
Level: Applied
Santrock - Chapter 03
 

13. (p. 97) Heather crawls from her room into the hallway to look for her mother after she leaves. According to Jean Piaget, this shows that she is capable of 
A. infinite generativity.
B. symbolic manipulation.
C. object permanence.
D. telegraphic thinking.

 


200 t1... #43
Level: Applied
Santrock - Chapter 03
 

14. (p. 75-76) A nerve cell in the brain is also called a(n) 
A. neurotransmitter.
B. neuron.
C. oligodendrocyte.
D. glial cell.

 


200 t1... #33
Level: Knowledge
Santrock - Chapter 03
 

15. (p. 76) The part of the neuron that carries signals toward the cell body is called a(n) 
A. synapse.
B. neurotransmitter.
C. axon.
D. dendrite.

 


200 t1... #36
Level: Knowledge
Santrock - Chapter 03
 

 

psy 200 su 09 quiz 2 Summary

Category

# of Questions

200 t1...

13

Level: Applied

4

Level: Conceptual

4

Level: Knowledge

7

Santrock - Chapter 03

11

Santrock - Chapter 04

4