psy 200 su 09 Q4

1. Erik Erikson's fourth stage of development, appearing during middle and late childhood, is called 
A. industry versus inferiority.
B. trust versus mistrust.
C. ego integrity versus ego despair.
D. ego autonomy versus ego independence.

 A

2. Julio cannot get his science project to work. In fact, it seems to him that nothing he makes ever works properly. According to Erik Erikson, Julio is at risk for developing a sense of 
A. inferiority.
B. stagnation.
C. identity diffusion.
D. shame and doubt.

 A

3. Both Jean Piaget and Lawrence Kohlberg agree that 
A. biological processes must mature for morality to develop.
B. cognitive stages are the underpinnings of morality.
C. morality is a critical period that must be reached by childhood.
D. children learn morality through consequences of behavior.

 D  (I SHOULD HAVE BEEN B)

4. Jack is cutting up a pizza for himself and his little brother, Craig. He starts to cut it into eight pieces, but his brother says, "Don't cut it into so many pieces; I can't eat that many." Jack laughs but obeys. Craig's reactions characterize _______ thought, and Jack's reactions characterize _______ thought. 
A. preoperational; concrete operational
B. concrete operational; formal operational
C. symbolic; intuitive
D. sensorimotor; preoperational

A

5. A second-grader is in what stage of cognitive development? 
A. concrete operations
B. sensorimotor
C. preoperational thought
D. formal operations

 A

6. Kang has been diagnosed as ADHD, and Kang recently started a common form of drug therapy. Kang is probably receiving a _______ known to _______ the nervous system of adults. 
A. barbiturate; slow down
B. barbiturate; speed up
C. stimulant; slow down
D. stimulant; speed up

 D

7. Improvement of fine motor skills during middle and late childhood is likely a result of 
A. increased myelination of the central nervous system.
B. an increase in the neurotransmitter dopamine.
C. the proliferation of neuron circuits in the brain.
D. a simultaneous process in which axons in the brain die off, while dendrites in the brain grow and branch out.

 A

8. Eight-year-old Joshua is obese. His excess weight puts him at risk for all of the following, EXCEPT 
A. depression.
B. type 2 diabetes.
C. anemia.
D. high blood pressure.

 C

9. Recent trends suggest that the number of children diagnosed and treated for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has 
A. slightly decreased.
B. substantially increased.
C. slightly increased.
D. substantially decreased.

 B

10. Jean Piaget believed that children below the age of _______ years do not have concrete operational thought. 
A. 5
B. 9
C. 7
D. 3

 C

11. Two identical glasses are filled to the same level with juice. A child then watches as the juice from one glass is poured into a taller, thinner glass. A child who is capable of concrete operational thought might say, 
A. "It's still the same amount of juice—you can tell by how tall this one is."
B. "It's still the same amount of juice—you can tell by just pouring it back."
C. "The tall one has more juice—they just look like they are the same."
D. "The tall one has more juice—see how much taller it is?"

 B

12. Many intelligence tests are biased in that they 
A. reflect the common values of all test takers. -
B. use only standardized test items familiar to all test takers. -
C. reflect the cultures of some test takers more than others.
D. test predominantly nonverbal skills.

 C  (also D if it involves drawings and pictures)

13. Tiesha's behavior is controlled by external rewards and punishments reflecting which level of Lawrence Kohlberg's theory of moral development? 
A. conventional reasoning
B. interconventional reasoning
C. postconventional reasoning
D. preconventional reasoning

 D

14. Improvement of fine motor skills during middle and late childhood is likely a result of 
A. increased myelination of the central nervous system.
B. a simultaneous process in which axons in the brain die off, while dendrites in the brain grow and branch out.
C. the proliferation of neuron circuits in the brain.
D. an increase in the neurotransmitter dopamine.

 A   (already answered this in question 7)

15. Knowing about knowing is referred to as 
A. megacognition.
B. first-order cognition.
C. metacognition.
D. metamemory.

C