psy 200 su 09 Q3

1. In talking with Grandma on the phone, little Marcelo suddenly exclaims, "Oh, look at that pretty red bird!" When his grandmother asks him to describe the bird, Marcelo says, "Out there, out there! Right there, Grandma!" He finally gets frustrated and hangs up. This is an example of 
A. intuitive thought.
B. symbolic function.
C. animism.
D. egocentrism.

 D

2. A parent who uses a restrictive, punitive style to control the behavior of his or her children is a(n): 
A. indulgent parent.
B. authoritative parent.
C. authoritarian parent.
D. neglectful parent.

 C

3. Between ages 3 and 6 years, which part of the brain grows the fastest? 
A. the frontal lobe
B. the parietal lobe
C. the occipital lobe
D. the temporal lobe

 A

4. Howie and his little sister, Stephie, are each given one large cookie. The mother breaks Stephie's cookie into four pieces to help her eat it more easily. Howie immediately begins to cry and says that it isn't fair for Stephie to get so many cookies when he only has one. Howie is showing a lack of 
A. intuitive thought.
B. conservation.
C. centration.
D. symbolic function.

 B

5. "My computer doesn't like me—it keeps eating my pictures," says Sarah. This is an example of 
A. egocentrism.
B. centration.
C. animism.
D. operations.

 C

6. Ursula just brought home her report card. She earned Cs and Ds in all of her classes. Ursula's mom's first response was "Oh, you must be very disappointed." Then, the two of them sat down and tried to determine why she was having difficulty and what they could do to help her get her grades up. They decided that Ursula would start seeing a tutor after school. Ursula's mom is most likely a(n) 
A. authoritarian parent.
B. authoritative parent.
C. neglectful parent.
D. indulgent parent.

   (should have been B)

7. Myelination in the brain serves to 
A. increase the number of cells connected in a given neural network.
B. increase the speed of information traveling through the nerve cells.
C. help nerve cells communicate with a larger number of other cells.
D. nourish the nerve cells so that they function more efficiently.

 B

8. According to Erik Erikson, the psychosocial stage that characterizes early childhood is 
A. autonomy versus shame and doubt.
B. intimacy versus isolation.
C. initiative versus guilt.
D. industry versus inferiority.

 C

9. Jungle gyms, slides, and climbing equipment should be available to help young children develop 
A. gross motor skills.
B. handedness.
C. fine motor skills.
D. attention and concentration skills.

 A

10. Myelination is important in development because 
A. new nerve cells cannot form until the older ones are myelinated.
B. most of the growth of the brain is a result of myelination.
C. the pituitary does not function until the brain is almost completely myelinated.
D. children cannot perform certain functions if the area of the brain controlling those functions is not myelinated.

 D

11. According to Erik Erikson, what is the "great governor" of initiative? 
A. conscience
B. obedience
C. fear
D. independence

 A

12. During early childhood, on average, girls are ________ than boys. 
A. much smaller
B. slightly smaller
C. slightly larger
D. much larger

 B

13. By the end of early childhood, boys have ________, whereas girls have ________. 
A. more strength; more endurance
B. more fat; more muscle
C. more muscle; more fat
D. a larger weight gain; a larger height gain

14. Gross motor skills are to fine motor skills as ________ is to ________. 
A. running; jumping -
B. jumping; running
C. hopping; writing
D. writing; hopping -

 C

15. The prefrontal cortex is involved in tasks of 
A. motor coordination.
B. spatial abilities.
C. maintaining attention to tasks.
D. verbal skills.

 C

16. When Travis decided he wanted to catch a bird with a butterfly net, his parents encouraged him to test out his idea. Because his parents supported his plan, he will probably grow up with 
A. autonomy.  -
B. initiative.
C. industry.
D. trust.   -

 B (I CHOOSE C )