Chapter 11: Physical and Cognitive Development
in Early Adulthood Due, Wednesday, August 5, Before 12:00 Noon
Learning Goal 1: Identify the changes in physical development in young adults.
A. Describe and discuss peak performance in physical development.
†††† Most people reach peak physical performance before 30 usually between 19 and 26.†
At 30 and above muscle tone and strength begins to decline.† Sagging chins and protruding abdomens may begin to appear.†
†††† Eyes loses elasticity, hearing is constant to early adulthood and begin to decline in last part of early adulthood and mid to late twenties fatty tissues increase.
B. Discuss the health benefits of regular exercise, and describe strategies for building exercise into your life.
†††† Exercising 30 minutes a day helps prevent diseases like heart disease and diabetes.† Exercise is associated with positive mental health, and people that have poor mental heath are usually obese.† And 1/5 of adults are active recommended activities which are aerobic exercise like jogging, swimming, or cycling that stimulates the heart and lung.
C. Describe and discuss the problems associated with alcohol use.
††††††††††††† Bing drinking occurs more on men than woman in college.† Ĺ of binge drinkers miss classes, physical injuries, troubles with the law, and having unprotected sex.† Bing drinking college students are 11 times more likely to fall behind in school, 10 times more likely to drive after drinking and twice likely to have unprotected sex and have impaired memory in the hanger the next day.
Learning Goal 3: Discuss sexuality in young adults.
A. Describe sexual activity in early adulthood.
†††† At 18, more than 60% have had sex, and at 25, most individuals have had sexual intercourse.† The average marriage is 27 for males and 26 for females.
B. Describe and discuss sexually transmitted infections, especially human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immune deficiency syndrome.
†††† STIís that are bacterial most prevalent are gonorrhea, syphilis, and Chlamydia and then viral are AIDS (HIV), genital herpes, and genital warts.†
†††† In 2005, 310,000 cases of AIDS reported in 25 to 34 year olds and 80% being males and half IV drug users.†
C. Discuss strategies for avoiding STIís and HIV/AIDS.
Knowing your and your partnerís risk status
Obtaining a medical examination
Having protected sex using a condom, everything is protected except for possibly herpes.
Not having sex with multiple partners.
Chapter 12: Socioemotional Development in Early Adulthood
Learning Goal 1: Describe stability and change in temperament and attachment from childhood to adulthood.
A. Define and discuss temperament.
Measuring the self-concept at 20 and then 30 will have probably find more stability than if you measured age of 10 and then again at 30.†
B. Discuss temperament and adulthood adjustment.
Romantic partners obtain comfort and security in stressful times, somewhat like infants that securely attached.
Attachment Ėrelated anxiety and attachment-related avoidance.
Learning Goal 2: Identify some key aspects of attraction, love, and close relationships.
A. Discuss familiarity (intimacy) and similarity in relationships.
Self-disclosure and sharing private thoughts are parts of intimacy while establishing independence form parents is the similarity of juggling demands of intimacy, identity, and independence which becomes a central task of adulthood.
B. Discuss the importance of physical attractiveness.
†††† More passion (physical attractiveness) and less intimacy and commitment we are infatuated like an affair or fling.
†††† Relationships with low passion but marked by intimacy and commitment are affection love usually found in married couples for many years.† (Like me) ††
†††† Passion and commitment are present but no intimacy itís called fatuous love when one person worships another from a distance.
†††† But if all three are present, itís called consummate love.
C. Discuss Ericksonís intimacy versus isolation stage.
†††† Intimacy is finding oneself while losing themselves into another person and requires a commitment to another person; if itís fails the person will develop isolation.† Then an individual will repudiate, ignore, or attack those who frustrate them.†
D. Discuss and contrast intimacy and independence.
†††††††† Identity is the difference of Intimacy
and commitment and then freedom and independence.†